GILLE jeune (younger) - VION and BAURY Manufacturer (1836-1889)
Le Source and Le Feu (Fire)
Pair of large bisque hard paste porcelain subjects of Antiquity. La Source represented by a young lady pouring water from a vase; Le Feu represented by a young lady warming herself by Athenian.
Probably after a model by Charles Baury.
Green-toned ink marks of anchor.
Paris, circa 1870
Height: 42 cm (16-1/2 in.)
Few restorations mainly on fingers. Kiln mark on La Source’s right foot.
For a pair of bisque porcelains representing La Source and Le Feu, consult: Musée Adrien Dubouché, inv.3366A,B
For a bisque porcelain representing La Source (but in larger size) consult Musée Adrien Dubouché, inv. 10449 (gifted in 1871 by Vion and Baury to museum).
For a pair of bisque porcelains representing a galant couple by Vion and Baury, consult Christie’s New York, October 25, 2005, lot 212.
Expertissim presented last year an identical bisque porcelain pair from the same era, signed with blue monogram VB under n° 2013020738
R. de Plinval de Guillebon, Les Biscuits de porcelaine de Paris XVIIIe XIXe siècles, pp. 223, 257-260
Gille alias Gille jeune (the younger) (1798-1868) founded this factory in 1836. Starting from nothing by selling discarded porcelain in the street, he then rented a factory at 132 rue du Temple. After a few years, he found himself at the head of a retail establishment to fantasy bisque porcelains that were made in various factories. The success led him in 1836 to set up his own factory at new retail premises at 28 rue du Paradis-Poissoniere .
At his death in 1868, his colleagues Theodore Vion and Martial Baury succeeded him and became owners of the factory. In 1875, the factory was moved to Choisy -le-Roi and expanded. After the death of Baury in 1879 , Theodore Vion remained the sole owner and went bankrupt in 1889.
During the Exposition of French industry products in 1844, Gille obtained a triumph with a "charming fireplace with boudoirs, groups and low-reliefs" ( 1). His factory was significant during its time for they employed one hundred-sixty workers.
In 1858, he participated in the Exposition of Fine Arts and Industry in Toulouse and presented the "busts of the Emperor and Empress " as well as group entitled Mother of Love, The Toilet of Venus and notably Rachel by Jean Auguste Barre.
He was also one of the most notable French porcelain exhibitors at the London Exposition of 1851 due to a great bisque porcelain figure of Bernard Palissy .
At the Exposition Universal of 1855, Gille was awarded the Legion of Honor and the Royal Empress’s furnisher award. A visitor's guide recommended to visit "beautiful exhibition of Gille and admire a great wounded stag ...". He also presented a bisque porcelain bust of Napoleon III in large format after Barre, dated 1852.
A grand medal was also rewarded for his work at the London Exposition of 1862. Furthermore, he is the only Parisian porcelain dealers cited in the Report of the French section for its bisque porcelain figures, remarkable for the perfection of the work and their dimensions.
At the Universal Exposition of 1867 in Paris, Gille exhibited both in the palace and park busts of the imperial family but also statues, groups and exceptional vases to decorate homes and gardens all from his workshops. A photograph of the exhibition is kept in the National Archives and shows notably "La Grande Source" by Gille, identical to ours but of a larger size. It is now in the collections of the Musée Adrien Dubouché .
Vion and Baury continued to participate in major events such as the London International Exhibition of 1872, Paris Universal Exposition of 1878, Amsterdam Exhibition of 1883 and the Antwerp Exhibition of 1885.
Certain works from Gilbert jeune- Vion and Baury manufacturer are now in the collections of the Louvre (“Rachel”, sculptures dept, inv. RF 1508), Musée Adrien Dubouché (“Chinois” after Charles Cordier, circa 1869, inv. 3763), Carnavalet Museum (“Alphonse de Lamartine” by Alfred Orsay Museum, inv. C 2324), Compiègne Chateau (“le duc de Morny”, by Frédéric Iselin, inv. IMP 666), Musée des Arts Décoratifs de Paris (“Mère et sa fillette”, inv. 35518), Château de Blois Chateau (Bernard Palissy, inv. 939.5.740).
(1) R. de Plinval de Guillebon, Les Biscuits de porcelaine de Paris XVIIIe XIXe siècles, p. 257.