GILLE the Younger - VION & BAURY. La Source and Le Feu


Gille jeune (Younger) manufacturing - VION & BAURY (1836-1889)

La Source (Water Source) and Le Feu (The Fire)

Pair of large hard paste biscuit porcelain Antiquity subjects. La Source, representing a young lady pouring water in a vase; Le Feu, representing a young lady warming herself by an Athenian fire pot

Probably after a model by Charles Baury

With blue biscuit roundel marked VB

Paris, circa 1870

Height: 42 cm (16-1/2 in.).

Very minor losses

Similar works:
- For one pair of biscuit porcelains representing La Source and Le Feu, consult: Musée Adrien Dubouché, inv.3366A,B

- For one par of biscuits representing a galants couple by Vion & Baury, consult, Christie’s New York, October 25, 2005, lot 212

Bibliography :
de Plinval de Guillebon, Les Biscuits de porcelaine de Paris XVIIIe XIXe siècles (Biscuit Porcelains from 18th-19th Century Paris), pp. 257-260

Gille (1798-1868) known as Gille jeune (the Younger) founded this factory in 1836. Starting from scratch, he then leased a workshp on 132 rue du Temple. After a few years, he was promoted as the head of a retail establishment, dedicating to novelty biscuit porcelain objects from various factories. The success led him in 1836 to set up his own factory in new retail premises at 28 rue du Paradis Poissonnière.

At his death in 1868, his collaborators, Théodore Vion and Martial Baury succeeded him and became the owners of the factory. In 1875, the factory was transferred to Choisy-le-Roi, and fulfilled a great extension. After the death of Baury in 1879, Théodore Vion remained the sole owner and it went bankrupt in 1889.

At the Exhibition of French Industrial Products in 1844, Gille obtained a triumph with a "charming fireplace mantle for boudoirs, groups and low-reliefs" (1). The manufacture’s output was considerable since it employed one hundred and sixty workers at that time.

In 1858, he participated in the Exhibition of Fine Arts and Toulouse Industry and presented the "busts of the Emperor and the Empress" and groups entitled Mother of Lovers, The Dressing of Venus and notably Rachel by Jean Auguste Barre.

He was also one of the most distinguished French porcelain makers at the London Exhibition of 1851, due to a large biscuit figure of Bernard Palissy.
At the Univeral Exposition of 1855, Gille was awarded the Legion of Honor and the Empress’s royal patent. A tour guide recommended to see the "beautiful exhibition of Gille and admire a great wounded deer ...". He also presented a biscuit porcelain bust of Napoleon III in ceremonial attire after Barre, dated 1852.

He was awarded a large medal for his works at the London Exhibition of 1862. He was also the only Parisian listed in in the report section for French bisque figures, remarkable for the perfection of work and their dimensions.

At the Universal Exposition of 1867 in Paris, Gille exhibited both at the palace and park with busts of the imperial family and statues, groups and exceptional vases to decorate homes and gardens all from diverse workshops. A photograph from the exhibition kept at France’s National Archives shows including "La Grande Source" (The Great Source) by Gille, a biscuit porcelain identical to ours but larger, now in the collections of Musée Adrien Dubouché.

Vion & Baury continued to participate in major events such as the London International Exhibition of 1872, Universal Exhibition of Paris in 1878, Amsterdam Exhibition of 1883 and the Antwerp Exhibition of 1885.

Some works from Gille jeune Manufacture - Vion & Baury and are now in the Louvre collections ("Rachel", Department of sculptures, inv. RF 1508), the Adrien Dubouché Museum ("Chinese" after Charles Cordier, to 1869, inv. 3763), the Musée Carnavalet ("Alphonse de Lamartine" by Alfred d'Orsay, inv. C 2324), the Château de Compiègne ("Duke of Morny," by Frédéric Iselin, inv. 666 IMP) Museum of Decorative Arts in Paris ("Mère et sa fillette" [Mother and Daughter], inv. 35,518), Chateau de Blois (Bernard Palissy, inv. 939.5.740).

(1) R. de Plinval of Guillebon Les Biscuits de porcelaine de Paris XVIIIe XIXe siècles (Biscuit Porcelains from 18th-19th Century Paris) p. 257.

Provenance :

  • Items quantity:  2
  • Expertissim Reference: 2013020738