FRENCH SCHOOL circa 1740-1750
Portrait of Claude Jobert de Chambertin, Proprieter of Gevrey-Chambertain Domain during the 18th Century
Oil on canvas
Height: 81,5 cm (32 in.) - Width: 63 cm (24-3/4 in.).
Frame: 102 x 83 cm (40 x 32-1/2 in.).
Manuscript label adhered to canvas verso “Claude Jobert, secrétaire du roy”(... secretary to the King)
Within a carved gilt wood frame of the era with palmettes, angle appliques, foliage cartouches and blossoms. Minor accidents and losses
The table has its original canvas under a thick varnish with impacted dirt. Some wear. Older restorations along the background, on face’s upper left border and very slightly on the wig, right sleeve and hand.
Claude Jobert (1701-1768) was one of the most famous figures in the history of Burgundy wine.
Being a farmer, he arrived in Chambertin in 1720 without a penny in his pocket on behalf of the canons of Langres. Thirty years later, the Cistercian monks discovered with amazement that the Clos de Beza, Chambertin crown, no longer belonged to them! From lawsuit to lawsuit, the wily farmer had actually managed them to disowns the canons of Langres their vineyards due to conniving with a unscrupulous judiciary power.
Claude Jobert fell into debt sharply thereafter by purchasing more land vineyards in Gevrey, Morey and Chambolle. Then as informed trader, he went to sell his wine in the German principalities. His business became successful and he was referred to as "Wine Merchant for palate Court" and acquired the townhouse, Fyot de la Marche in Gevrey, which belonged to an old parliamentary family from Dijon. Seeing no limit to his ambitions, he was then called Claude Jobert de Chambertin, the name of his favorite cru vintage, and created his coat of arms (Azure with fess gules, which a man has extended arms, and in point, a lion surmounted by a chevron with down gules down). It was the image of his financial success but also advanced his high social standing. His fortune enabled him to buy numerous titles, including that of squire secretary to the King
In 1768, Claude de Chambertin died. His widow and two sons, François-André, Cavalry Captain and Bénigne-Alexis, Royal Guard Constable, succeeded him as the head of a large area of twenty hectares established in Chambolle-Musigny, Gevrey-Chambertin and Morey Saint-Denis.
In 1787, during a trip to Burgundy, Thomas Jefferson, future president of the United States and a great lover of wine, selected Chambertin among his favorite wines. He brought it often back to United States, notably in 1803 with 1,200 bottles for the White House cellar.
Both sons of Claude de Chambertin remain childless and the field was confiscated during the French Revolution. Seized as national property, it was divided and auctioned on January 29, 1791. Despite this troubling period, Chambertin did not lose its reputation. Napoleon's biographer, Las Casas told during his Memorial at St. Helena of the Emperor’s habit of drinking Chambertin during his meals. Two hundred years later, the Chambertin is still one of the most famous wines in the world.
The character of Claude Jobert, who labored for fame in this domain, is still associated with this vintage and its success.
Another portrait of Claude Jobert is in existence (Tajan, 22 June 1999, lot 14). Probably later than Exepertissim’s portrait because Claude Jobert is represented as a knight of the Order of Malta, Commander of Esnouveau and Chancellor of the Grand Priory of Champagne.
- Items quantity: 1
- Expertissim Reference: 2013010110